How To Avoid Pregnancy Naturally

Discovering that you are pregnant can be an overwhelming experience, especially if it is unplanned. Many individuals and couples are seeking alternative methods to hormonal contraceptives in order to avoid pregnancy naturally. Natural family planning methods offer a safe and effective way to prevent pregnancy without relying on synthetic hormones or barrier methods. Whether you want to deepen your connection with your partner, avoid potential side effects of hormonal contraceptives, or simply learn more about your body, below is how to avoid pregnancy naturally.

Rhythm Method

The rhythm method, also known as the calendar method, is one of the natural ways to avoid pregnancy. This method involves tracking menstrual cycles to determine the most fertile days. By abstaining from sexual intercourse or using barrier methods during this time, you can avoid pregnancy. However, it is important to note that the rhythm method is less effective for women with irregular cycles. Consistent tracking of your menstrual cycle length over several months is necessary to identify the fertile period accurately.

Cervical Mucus Method

The cervical mucus method is another natural family planning method that involves monitoring changes in cervical mucus to identify the fertile and non-fertile periods. As the menstrual cycle progresses, the consistency and appearance of cervical mucus change. By observing these changes, you can determine when you are most likely to be fertile. During the fertile period, it is important to abstain from intercourse or use barrier methods to avoid pregnancy.

Basal Body Temperature Method

The basal body temperature method is a natural family planning method that involves tracking your basal body temperature (BBT) to identify the fertile days. Your BBT rises slightly after ovulation, indicating that you are no longer fertile. By charting your temperature over several menstrual cycles, you can predict your fertile window and avoid intercourse or use barrier methods during that time. It is important to note that this method requires consistent tracking and can be less effective for individuals with irregular sleep patterns or disrupted sleep.

Symptothermal Method

The symptothermal method is a comprehensive approach to natural family planning that combines multiple fertility signs, such as cervical mucus changes, BBT, and other physical symptoms. By tracking and analyzing these signs, you can pinpoint your fertile window and make informed decisions about intercourse. This method provides increased accuracy when multiple signs are considered together, offering a comprehensive approach to natural family planning.

Lactation Amenorrhea Method

The lactation amenorrhea method (LAM) is suitable for breastfeeding mothers who have not yet resumed menstruation. During exclusive breastfeeding, the body releases hormones that suppress ovulation. By breastfeeding exclusively and on demand, day and night, you can use LAM as a temporary natural contraceptive method. It is important to note that LAM is only effective for up to six months postpartum and when specific criteria are met.

Withdrawal Method

The withdrawal method, also known as “pulling out,” is one of the least reliable natural family planning methods. It involves the male partner withdrawing his penis from the vagina before ejaculation. While this method is readily available and cost-free, it relies on self-control and can be challenging to execute correctly. Additionally, pre-ejaculate fluid may contain sperm, leading to unintended pregnancies.

Ovulation Test Kit

Ovulation test kits, commonly used by individuals trying to conceive, can also be used to avoid pregnancy naturally. These kits detect the surge of luteinizing hormone (LH) that occurs before ovulation. By identifying the LH surge, you can determine your fertile window and either abstain from intercourse or use barrier methods during that time.

Standard Days Method

The standard days method is suitable for women with regular menstrual cycles between 26 to 32 days long. It identifies a fixed range of days (days 8 to 19) during which pregnancy is highly likely if intercourse occurs. By avoiding intercourse or using barrier methods during this period, you can effectively avoid pregnancy. It is important to note that the standard days method is less effective for women with irregular cycles or cycles shorter than 26 days or longer than 32 days.

Benefits of Natural Methods to Avoid Pregnancy

Natural family planning methods offer several benefits for individuals and couples looking to avoid pregnancy naturally:

  1. No side effects: Unlike hormonal contraceptives or invasive procedures, natural family planning methods have no side effects. They do not introduce foreign substances into the body, making them a safe and natural option for contraception.
  2. Cost-effective: Natural family planning methods are generally more affordable compared to other contraceptive methods. Once couples learn the techniques and understand their fertility patterns, they can practice natural family planning without any additional expenses.
  3. Promotes awareness of fertility and health: By tracking fertility signs such as basal body temperature, cervical mucus, and menstrual cycles, couples using natural family planning gain a deeper understanding of their reproductive health. This knowledge can help identify potential hormonal imbalances or fertility issues.
  4. Can be used to achieve or avoid pregnancy: Natural family planning methods are versatile and can be used for both achieving and avoiding pregnancy. By monitoring fertility signs, couples can identify the most fertile days and plan intercourse accordingly. This flexibility allows couples to align their family planning decisions with their personal goals and circumstances.


Natural family planning methods provide a safe and effective way to avoid pregnancy without relying on synthetic hormones or barrier methods. By understanding how to avoid pregnancy naturally, their effectiveness, and how to use them correctly, individuals and couples can make informed decisions about their reproductive health. It is important to remember that natural methods require consistent tracking and monitoring of your body’s signs and cycles. Consulting with a healthcare provider or a certified natural family planning instructor can provide further guidance and support on your journey towards natural family planning.


  1. Sung S, Abramovitz A. Natural Family Planning. (2022). In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing.
  2. Davis MS. Natural family planning. NAACOGS Clin Issu Perinat Womens Health Nurs.

Additional Information: It is always recommended to consult with a healthcare provider or a certified family planning instructor before relying solely on natural family planning methods as a form of contraception. They can provide personalized guidance and support based on your specific circumstances.

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